PMC & EPC

Project Management Services

Construction project management requires the skills and expertise of a traditional project manager but applied to the construction industry. Because a construction project is always shifting, an ideal construction project manager must possess a large array of experience and know-how to handle diverse teams and meet assorted objectives.


  

WHAT IS CONSTRUCTION PROJECT MANAGEMENT (CPM)?

Easy Consultants LLP believes that "the art of directing and coordinating human and material resources throughout the life of a project by using modern management techniques to achieve predetermined objectives of scope, cost, time, quality, and participating objectives.”

At its most fundamental level, construction project management handles the planning, coordination, and execution of a construction project, whether it’s agricultural, residential, commercial, institutional, industrial, heavy civil, or environmental.


CONSTRUCTION PROJECT MANAGEMENT BASICS: HOW TO WIN THE PROJECT

When a project owner is ready to get started, the owner will share project information to a large group of contractors, general contractors, or subcontractors to solicit bids. The process starts with a cost estimate from blueprints and material take-offs, telling the owner how much money he or she should expect to pay for the contractor to complete the project.

A contractor can expect two kinds of bids:

  • Open Bid: Open bids apply to public projects and are usually advertised. With an open bid, any contractor can put in an offer.
  • Closed Bid: The process for a private project starts with a closed bid, wherein the owner invites a select group of contractors to send in their bids.

Whether the owner chooses an open or a closed bid process for the project, the bids will then come in, and the selection of a contractor can commence based on a number of criteria:

  • Low-Bid Selection: The bottom line — aka the price — is the main focus for the project owner. The winning contractor is the one who submits the lowest price for the project.
  • Qualifications-Based Selection: In this process, the project owner asks contractors to submit with their bid a request for qualifications (RFQ), which summarizes the contractor’s experience, plans for management, organizational flow, and success in staying on budget and on schedule. The project owner then chooses the contractor with the best qualifications.
  • Best-Value Selection: In this approach, the project owner considers both the bid price and the contractor’s qualifications to find the best combination of cost and skill set.  

The next and final step after an owner chooses a contractor is to negotiate a payment agreement. Both parties typically select from four payment models:

  • Lump Sum: A lump-sum contract is the most prevalent choice. The project owner and the contractor come together on the overall cost for the work, and the owner must pay that amount, regardless of the project’s success or if the final bill surpasses the initial quoted price.
  • Cost-Plus-Fee: As the name suggests, cost-plus-fee includes the total cost of the project as well as a fixed fee percentage of the overall cost to the contractor, all of which the owner must pay. This is the most contractor-friendly arrangement, since it covers all additional costs.
  • Guaranteed Maximum Price: With a guaranteed maximum price contract, the owner and contractor agree on a set price that the total cost and fee cannot exceed.
  • Unit Price: If the two parties can’t agree on the cost ahead of time, they opt for a unit-price model, in which the owner pays out a specific unit price throughout each phase of the project.

BUSINESS MODELS FOR CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS

The bidding process is usually consistent no matter the type of construction project, but you can expect two business models in the construction industry:

  • Design-Bid-Build Contracts: Both popular and prevalent, design-bid-build contracts allow the owner to choose a contractor after an architect or engineer completes the design phase.
  • Design-Build Contracts: The opposite of design-bid-build, in a design-build contract, the design and construction phases are handled by the same party (referred to as the design-builder or the design-build contractor). This approach speeds up the project’s completion since the design and construction phases can happen simultaneously.

As noted in the two above models, the bidding process begins with the design phase. The design stage itself can be broken down into different approaches.

  • Conceptual/Programming and Feasibility: This model uses the final vision of the building as the starting point to determine needs, goals, and objectives. Considerations include the building size, the number of rooms, how the space will be used, and even who will be using the space. This information is generally captured in a spreadsheet listing each room, the critical information about those spaces, and the approximate square footage of each area.
  • Schematic Design: Schematic designs are drawings or sketches used to identify spaces, shapes, and patterns. Not every part of a construction project can be sketched, of course, but those that can be are in this type of design. The drawings note materials, colors, and textures. These sketches can also capture floorplans, where structures like elevators will be placed, and so on. 

PROJECT MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLES AND PROCESS

After the bidding process is finished, the construction phase can then start. Although the stages of a construction project are different than that of traditional project management, they follow a similar pattern.


1. Initiation

Before the project starts, a project manager must develop and evaluate the business case to determine if the project is feasible and worth undertaking. Stakeholders may be asked to do their due diligence and to conduct feasibility testing, if needed. When all parties agree to proceed with the project, the project manager writes a project charter or project initiation document (PID), which includes both the business needs and the business case.

2. Planning

Next, the project team develops a road map for all involved. This includes the project management plan (PMP), a formal, approved document created by the project manager to guide execution and control, as well as set baselines for scope, cost, and schedule. You can also expect to see these documents in the planning phase:

  • Scope statement and scope documentation: This defines the project’s business need, benefits, objectives, deliverables, and key milestones.
  • Work breakdown structure (WBS): This document breaks down the scope of the project into visual, manageable chunks.
  • Communication plan: This outlines all aspects of communication, from goals and objectives to roles to tools and methods. The communication plan creates a common framework that everyone can work from to avoid misunderstandings or conflict.
  • Risk management plan: This helps project managers identify  risks beforehand, including time and cost estimates that may not be met, potential budget cuts, shifting requirements, and a shortage of committed resources.

3. Execution

Now the work begins. Typically, all parties hold a kickoff meeting, then the project team begins the crucial work of assigning resources, implementing project management plans, setting up tracking systems, completing tasks, updating the project schedule, and if necessary, modifying the project plan.

4. Performance and Monitoring

The monitoring phase often happens concurrently with the execution phase. This phase is necessary to measure progress and performance and to ensure that items are in line with the overall project management plan.

5. Closure

This final phase marks the project’s completion. To mark the conclusion, project managers may hold a post-mortem meeting to discuss what parts of the project did and didn’t meet objectives. The project team then creates a punch list of any lingering tasks, performs a final budget, and issues a project report.

EPC Services

EPC stands for Engineering, Procurement, Construction and is a prominent form of contracting agreement in the construction industry. Easy Cosultants LLP will carry out the detailed engineering design of the project, procure all the equipment and materials necessary, and then construct to deliver a functioning facility or asset to their clients.


The EPC phase of the project is also known as the Execution phase which normally follows what is know as a FEED or Front End Engineering Design phase. The FEED is a basic engineering design used as the basis for the EPC phase.

Scope of Work- EPC

Easy Consultants LLP is becoming one of the India's largest and most diverse providers of engineering, procurement, construction, commissioning and start-up services to the Infrastructure Industry. EC has been working side-by-side with customers to meet project objectives and help them succeed.


Our entire range of the energy services cycle – from feasibility studies and front end designs through global procurement and logistics, direct hire construction and construction management on some of the most demanding energy projects onshore and offshore.  

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